“Health literacy” what is it about high and low blood sugar?
What do we need to pay attention to about blood sugar?Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by elevated blood glucose due to deficiency in insulin secretion and/or function.# For the treatment of diabetes, both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are harmful, and even the harm and severity of hypoglycemia are more serious than that of hyperglycemia.① The risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in patients with diabetes is 2-4 times higher than that of non-diabetic people of the same age and gender, which makes the onset of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases earlier and more serious;② Diabetes patients are often accompanied by hypertension and dyslipidemia;③ Diabetic retinopathy is the main cause of blindness in adult population.④ Diabetic nephropathy is one of the common causes of renal failure.Harm of hypoglycemia (1) Severe hypoglycemia can cause sympathetic symptoms, palpitation, hand shaking, cold sweat, extreme discomfort and other symptoms;② Severe hypoglycemia can cause impaired brain function.When brain function is damaged, attention can be distracted and the ability to solve complex problems can decline. It will also lead to mental symptoms, and even more serious cases will lead to irreversible damage of brain cells and damage brain function. Repeated severe hypoglycemia will lead to dementia.③ Severe hypoglycemia can also induce cardiovascular events, causing arrhythmias and serious cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events.In order to control blood sugar, many diabetics only rely on vegetarian food to fill their stomachs, and do not eat meat at all. This is a big mistake.Doctors suggest that dietary control for diabetics is not starvation therapy, nor excessive dieting.If starvation therapy is blindly carried out, long-term intake of calories and insufficient nutrition will lead to serious consumption of the patient’s own body, poor resistance, and hypoglycemia, which will cause greater harm.Diabetic diet control is not to eat less as far as possible, but should be in accordance with the calorie needs of a balanced diet.Exercise therapy is a double-edged sword. Moderate exercise lowers sugar while excessive exercise raises it.Exercise in diabetic patients should be carried out according to age, weight, blood glucose level, whether there are complications, etc. Fasting blood glucose & GT;Exercise should be suspended at 16.7mmol/L.What should we pay attention to when measuring blood sugar?Q To measure blood sugar, do I need to wash my hands?Before blood collection, wash both hands with warm water or neutral soap, and rub the fingers prepared for blood collection repeatedly until blood supply is abundant, or hang the arm for 10~15 seconds before blood collection to make the fingertips hyperemia.Q Test blood sugar, which finger prick best?The last three fingers, including the middle, ring and little fingers, are the most popular.But the exact place to prick your finger is on both sides.Because of the abundance of blood vessels on both sides.Q Fasting blood glucose, exactly when?Fasting blood glucose is measured when blood is taken before 8 a.m. the next day after an overnight fast of 8-12 hours.Q Postprandial blood sugar, when is after eating?Many people think that 2 hours after meal blood glucose = 2 hours after meal blood glucose, this is a misunderstanding.In fact, blood glucose 2 hours after a meal refers to the blood glucose measured from the first bite of the meal to the blood glucose measured 2 hours after the meal, but many patients mistakenly believe that the timing starts after the meal.Q test paper was not used in time. Can it be used again next time?Can not continue to use.The strip is susceptible to deterioration caused by temperature, humidity, light, chemical substances and air oxidation, and once the deterioration of the strip will seriously affect the test results.The test should be completed within 5 minutes after the test piece is removed.Statement: This article is reprinted for the purpose of passing on more information.If the source is wrong or violated your legitimate rights and interests, please contact the author with proof of ownership, we will promptly correct, delete, thank you.Email address: email@example.com