People struggle for breath, what is the spirit of Chinese tradition
In both Zhouyi and Traditional Chinese medicine, qi is regarded as the basic unit of the world.Chinese people have been talking about qi all the time. What is qi? Chinese culture has multiple meanings such as physical, physiological, psychological, ethical and philosophical, which can be described as one Qi containing five principles.How to say the philosophical meaning of qi?As the origin or element of all things in the world, qi can be transformed into all things in the world. It itself is connected with the physical meaning of qi, so that the physiological, psychological, ethical and aesthetic meaning of qi are derived from this.In the Spring and Autumn Period, Lao Tzu put forward a complete statement of qi theory in very incisive language: “Tao gives birth to one, life to two, two gives birth to three, and three gives birth to all things.All things negative Yin and Yang, impulse and think.”This passage tells us that “Tao” is the driving force and the root of all changes, but as the highest category of Taoist thought, it is profound and obscure, and must rely on the relatively concrete “one” to understand and reason.Taoism describes its origin in terms of “Tao” and “qi”.Guan Zi holds that tao is “big without outside, small without inside” and “full of shape”, while Qi is “fine without inside, big without outside” and “full of body”.”Qi” is energy, “invisible” is energy, and “visible” is matter.The state of diffuse and intense motion, because of small, diffuse, coupled with non-stop movement, is difficult to directly observe, so it is called “invisible”.Condensed state, small and diffuse air, concentrated together, become visible, tangible entity, so called “tangible”.Li Cunshan.The Differentiation of The Concept of Qi at Several Levels [J].Philosophical Research, 2006(9) : 34-41.]The prototype of qi is the cloud.The rise of the fickle cloud into a philosophical category reflects the Chinese nation’s thinking characteristics of valuing change over form.The ancient Chinese philosophy has a vivid description of the creation of the universe: they believe that the initial state of Tao was nothingness, which evolved into the universe, and the universe generated vitality, and then the heaven and earth came into being.At the time of the Big Bang, there was extremely hot energy, which was converted into matter as it spread and cooled.The plant itself has a kind of “special function” is to be able to carry on the transformation of sunlight and underground all sorts of minerals, water, and become the plant plant.The lower levels of life transfer the energy stored in the plants to their own bodies by eating them.Higher grade animals continue to transfer energy by eating lower grade animals.Living things can only maintain their form by constantly taking in energy.If it can no longer consume new energy, it will fall apart.This phenomenon is referred to in thermodynamics as entropy.(Entropy refers to the disorder of energy).After the dissolution of the body, the original energy stored in the animal body will become the conventional energy of lower energy, which can not be used and can only return to the universe.As early as in the pre-Qin and Han dynasties, traditional medicine was based on the theory of ancient Chinese philosophy. Some people focused on the complex relationship between health and disease, which started the process of focusing on life.The ancients, like any other material in the nature of heaven and earth, are made up of qi, and man is the regular product of the qi of heaven and earth.The concept of qi is most closely related to “essence”.In Guan Zi, the essence of qi is regarded as the most delicate of qi, “the essence of qi is also the essence of qi”.”Human living also, male and female, nutrients, and water popular”, that is to say, essence is the material basis of human existence and human body and life is made of the essence of qi in the human body from the innate essence of im congenital qi (qi), food essence of water gas and the fresh air of nature, the latter two also collectively known as the acquired qi (gas),The combination of the three is called “popularity” in neijing.In fact, traditional medicine and philosophy have different purposes of understanding qi. “Ancient philosophy studies qi with the purpose of discussing the generation and development of all things in heaven and earth;The purpose of studying qi in Traditional Chinese medicine is to explore the mechanism of human life activities and disease changes.So, what are the qualities of qi?”Zhouyi · Xici” day: “Heaven and earth are dense, all things turn into alcohol, men and women compose essence, all things turn into life.”All natural things, including life, come from the atmosphere of dense, and its core is “gathering for a living, scattered for death”.Therefore, qi has two forms: visible and invisible.Accordingly, all things form and die in the gathering and dispersion of qi, and the growth and growth of life are all due to the movement and change of Qi.In other words, qi has the characteristics of ceaseless movement, ceaseless change and continuous.The theory of qi in TRADITIONAL Chinese medicine was first and most completely presented in Huangdi Neijing, involving many expressions of qi, such as Yin qi, Yang Qi, true qi, weather, earth qi, general atmosphere, cold qi, hot gas, dry qi, summer qi, damp qi, fire qi, Ying Qi, wei Qi, zongqi and so on.Most people believe that qi is a very delicate substance with strong vitality in human body and is one of the basic substances that constitute human body and maintain human life activities.Qi runs continuously, promotes and regulates the metabolism in human body, and maintains the life process of human body.When the movement of qi stops, it means the termination of life.Medicine qi has the branch of nature and nurture, congenital qi adhering to the parents’ marriage and sperm egg, referred to as the “essence”, “qi”, congenital essence is the fuel of life activity, explained the formation of life, “the two muscle in god, and shaped, often to the body, is the essence of” (” pivot “gas”) after congenital qi formation, nourished by subtle material such as water,Form the acquired essence, has the function of maintaining human life activities and resisting the invasion of external evil.The physiological functions of qi, which also constitute the system of viscera and meridians of human body, mainly refer to the zongqi, which is stored in the chest, comes from the throat and fills in the heart and veins, the yingqi, which is born in the valley of water and goes in the veins, and the weiqi, which is born in the valley of water and goes out of the veins.According to the theory of qi in Traditional Chinese medicine, the highest level of qi in the human body is the qi of the human body, namely the qi of the whole body, which is also known as the vitality, true qi, popularity and positive qi.The second level of qi is derived from the primordially refined qi, the essence of water and grain, and the zongqi, yingqi, and weiqi derived from the pure gasification of nature.Qi distributed to the viscera meridians formed by the viscera meridians is the third level of qi.The five qi in TCM have various meanings. ① Natural qi refers to cold, heat, dryness, dampness and wind.② The five elements of qi: refers to metal, wood, water, fire, earth;(3) Emotional qi: refers to the joy, anger, sadness, sadness and fear of the five zang organs;(4) The five colors of gas: refers to the changes of visceral green gas, white gas, red gas, black gas, yellow gas;The five tastes of gas: sour, bitter, sweet, spicy, salty;The qi of the five zang organs: the function of zang fu organs, which is the embodiment of the qi of human life, in order to clarify the complex relationship between disease and health of the body and the law of life formation, development and change.Ancient Chinese Qigong paid attention to the close connection between body and mind and qi, and then achieved the purpose of relieving fatigue, improving mental strength and even prolonging life by regulating heart, breath and form.Innate qi inherits the combination of sperm and egg of parents and is called “essence”, which is determined by DN A password information. Essence belongs to Yin: tangible, static and material.Qi belongs to Yang: intangible, dynamic and functional.And Yin and Yang can be transformed: Qi is produced by the movement of matter (movement is a condition of transformation).Acquired essence comes from the tiny matter transported by the spleen and stomach “the essence of water grain”, the lung “qingqi” and the innate essence stored in the kidney, the three combined as acquired essence, so there is acquired qi.Because personality is embodied in commonness, the generative essence derived from the acquired essence, so the acquired essence also contains humoral hormones including proteins, cells, neurotransmitters, synapses, Ca+ / Na+ ions, enzymes, peptides and other messenger substances. Transmission is the close activity between the essence and the essence.Regulation will produce evolutionary changes in the state of life (gasification, formalization, materialization).The transformation and transformation of state and form: fine food qi, chemical essence, refined blood, gasification form and all metabolism, depend on these “essence” as the material basis;The regulation process also absorbs life nutrients (including the essence of water and grain) to nourish the blood: qi generates essence.All that Yin static Yang also.Although qi has been variously described: qi, zongqi, Yingwei, zang-fu qi, as a message, “all the world is one qi ear”.Einstein proposed that “matter and energy can be converted into each other”, so we are not wrong to say that “qi” is matter.That is to say, matter and energy are the two states in which Qi exists.Qi has functional properties relative to matter, not only because it conforms to intangible properties;It is also that qi is the product of the movement of matter;Functional features with dominant functions: life characteristics such as metabolism, growth, development, reproduction, heredity and variation, evolutionary adaptation, etc.