Window of culture | Read classics, meet better yourself
Recently, Jinan University doctoral supervisor Professor Zhang Lijun launched two new books “Dialogue of Literary Classics Education” and “Realism and contemporary Literature Frontier”, recording his 15 years of teaching in the university with undergraduates, master students, doctoral students of classical reading and dialogue content.The topic of how to read literary classics in college classes was revisited at a recent book sharing event.In the Age of The Internet, when reading is facing impact and classics are facing challenges, how should we treat and read classics?Several experts and scholars gave their own thinking about the reading way and value of classical texts.Cultivate a poetic heart of “literati” Italian writer calvino in his book why read classic, 14 kinds of definitions about classic, one is “classics are some of the books a particular impact, either in the form of forgetting to our imagination to lay the mark, disguised as either individual or collective unconscious is hidden in the deep memory.”In fact, due to the change of times, everyone’s understanding of classics and even aesthetic taste will change. After all, “there are a thousand Hamlets for a thousand readers”.East China normal university Chinese department professor Luo Gang has publicly through examples, the general “literary works” is the scale of the selected works from the history of literature and literary value orientation, the former is the history of literature is particularly important, the latter attaches the importance to the artistic value of itself, between the two is not necessarily can directly draw the equal sign.”For example, Hu Shi’s ‘Attempt Collection’ is the first time to write new poems in vernacular Chinese, which is an outstanding work in the history of literature, but the poems in it cannot represent the high standard of new poems in Vernacular Chinese.”Zhang Lijun provides another dimension of thinking direction, in his opinion, college literature education is classic education.”The literature told in college classes is the accepted classics that have been washed and sifted by mankind for thousands of years.He said, like lu Xun’s works, the charm of language and text, the artistic interest contained, the richness of ideas, every time you read it, you will have a new experience, such a reread today, can be called a classic.For college students, it is necessary to build up the ability to read, appreciate, interpret and evaluate literary works.Therefore, Zhang Lijun believes that all these need to have a minimum and basic knowledge system of ancient and modern Chinese and foreign literature, starting from reading classic literary works and understanding writers and their artistic styles.From this perspective, reading literary classics like an incision, in addition to cultivate individual elegant noble aesthetic taste, aesthetic character and aesthetic perception, Zhang Lijun said: “more importantly, train the ability of a person’s understanding of literature, a sense of the world, social life and the poetic of everyday life understanding of beauty.”The cultivation of this poetic and gentle “heart of literati” can not be measured by scores and grades in universities, and it is the deep embodiment of the success of literature education.”Everyone has a fixed pattern of acceptance, and a classic means a challenge to that pattern, an offensive break, so many people do not easily accept a classic.By contrast, reading online novels and playing games may be more in line with the interests of most people and more likely to make people feel happy.””Writer Wei Xin said.Classics are not easy to read.Nor is reading the classics a pure pleasure.Popular implies familiarity, the pleasure of familiarity, while classic implies strangeness, uncertainty, the unknown, and the resulting affront and alienation.This is a barrier erected by the classics themselves.”One should not read classics just for interest.”Wei Xin said.Zhang lijun confirms this: in college classes, when students are tasked with approaching unfamiliar texts, there is still a distance between approaching and entering.Zhang Lijun talked about her strong feeling during these years of teaching, “Many students read a lot of literature history and have a good understanding of the concept, but they read very little classical text, which shows that they are out of the purpose of completing the course, and did not really enter the classics.Shandong University professor Cong Xinqiang, in the College of Liberal Arts opened a “Introduction to Mo Yan” course, in addition to daily courses, there are after-class organized reading parties.He found that even Chinese students had problems with reading.In addition to the lack of reading, most students do not have enough depth of reading, often stuck in some existing value judgment in the history of literature, constrained by the existing framework, it is difficult to read their own things.Now, under the impact of the Internet, classic reading is facing more challenges.Pictures, videos and sounds grab the attention of the senses, and all kinds of content pay more and more attention to frequent stimulation in a short period of time. In this case, the mere act of reading becomes a threshold.”The inability to read long articles” has become an acquired reading disorder for many people.As attention becomes scarce, people are more willing to be directly fed.Some scholars have noticed the popularity of condensed interpretations in order to attract audiences’ attention, such as watching a movie in three minutes and reading a classic in five minutes.Looking through the Internet channels, the so-called celebrity appreciation and interpretation are everywhere, and you can get a “standard answer” without thinking.When acquiring information is the primary goal, it can be fraught with pitfalls for classic reading.”Now all kinds of information are coming in fragments, even if you have not read the classic text, you can give an overview, but this kind of fragmented reading is doomed to the understanding of the classic text is also fragmented.”Plexus new told the reporters, this fragmentation as a result of reading, it seems, a person reading seems very wide, knowledge seems very wide, but in fact is the accumulation of a lot of useless information, only stay in the level of understanding, not to a significance level, the more feel literature brings a person touches on the soul.Developing a reading sensibility is the first step how can we possibly go into the classics today?In Cong xinqiang’s opinion, the most basic and important thing to read literary classics is to start from the original classics themselves and not to be influenced by too many established concepts and existing studies of literary history.Once you have read it, form your own understanding of the text, and based on that you can refer to relevant research to find the distance between the two, and then read further to form your own judgment.”Besides, “reading a classic once is not enough.What many students now mean by reading is reading only once.But reading is not the same as understanding.Read it effectively at least three or five times.”Cong Xinqiang said.He reads novels, for example, the first time is probably know the story, the second time to comb relationships more clearly, to understand suffering and fate of the characters, after repeated after reading, the universality of the stories behind the life and human destiny as well as deeper about culture and civilization of holistic care to.Everyone is different in his perception of literature.Zhang Lijun advocates a dialogue method that combines perceptual reading and rational thinking based on close reading of texts and starts from individual unique life experience, so as to stimulate students’ interpretation of classical literary texts.He thinks such conversations are real, sincere, and alive.”It is important to develop a reading sensibility, which can be said to be the first step into a literary text.”Zhang lijun said.With this in mind, he started classical reading in class with dialogue.Because dialogue is mutually enlightening, it is only in dialogue that problems are easily identified.For literature, there is never only one answer. Facing the same text, different thinking is showing the charm of literary classics.In reading, analysis, for example, “camel xiangzi, I have a classmate not identity in xiangzi’s tragic fate is this struggle mode of failure is generally accepted, but from the material of a more realistic perspective, think” material is linked to their future a better life, is what bring xiangzi steadfast sense and a sense of accomplishment…The material blow brought Xiangzi into confusion, nothingness and distrust of the ideal of life…The disillusionment of life, from accumulation of material joy to being robbed without knowing why, was the beginning of xiangzi’s loss of life ideals…”Zhang believes that the meaning of reading classics may be partially achieved if these different voices can be heard.